Taizemiešu boksa vēsture
Vēsture. Senais sporta veids
Taizemiešu bokss (muay thai) 2000 gadu laikā sekoja līdzās paaudzēm. Tā saknes izriet no Senās Ķīnas un tas radās tais laikos, kad tajieši imigrēja no Ķīnas dienvidu novadiem. Kad taizemieši galīgi iekārtojās un uzcēla savu pilsētu, paplašināja savas teritorijas, radās nepieciešamība izveidot arī karaspēku. Tolaik kareivjiem Taizemiešu boksu nācās apgūt līdzās tradicionāliem ieročiem, jo tais dienās Taizemiešu bokss nozīmēja mākslu cīnīties kailām rokām, un līdzās spērieniem ar rokām, apakšstilbiem, ceļgaliem un elkoņiem, atļauts bija arī sist ar galvu. Senatnē visprasmīgākos kaujiniekus godināja, ieskaitot muižnieku kārtā, un tiem bija ļauts kalpot par ķeizara miesassargiem. Taizemiešu boksam kā kulturālā mantojuma daļai bija svarīga loma brīvās Taizemes dibināšanas procesā. 1744.gada 17.martā Birmas valdnieka rīkoto svinību laikā taizemes kareivis Nai Kan Dtoms cīniņos secīgi guva uzvaru pār desmit Birmas bokseriem. Kopš tā laikā katru gadu 17.martā Taizemē atzīmē Muay Thai dienu. Pirmais rings tika iekārtots 1921.gadā Suan Kulape pilsētā. Un kaut arī cīniņi norisa uz standartveida ringiem, boksētāji vēl aizvien pārsēja rokas ar virvēm cimdu vietā un tie tika ieviesti tikai 1929.gadā. 1937.gada 1.aprīlī fiziskās audzināšanas Departaments ieviesa darbībā sacīkšu noteikumus.
Amatieru vidū Taizemiešu bokss sāka strauji attīstīties kopš 1971.gada. Pirmās sacensības notika Bangkokā starp piecu Taizemes augstskolu bokseriem. Noteikumi noteica ķermeņa un galvas aizsargāšanas prasības ar mērķi izvairīties no traumām. 1993.gada 20.aprīlī tika dibināta Muay Thai Starptautiskā amatieru federācija, bet 1955.gadā Bangkokā notika 1.čempionāts starp amatieriem.
Latvijā Taizemiešu bokss kļuva zināms 1992.gadā. Tika nodibināta un reģistrēta Taizemiešu boksa klubu Asociācija. Latvijas sportistus labi pazina ārzemēs, sevišķi bijušās PSRS valstīs. 2001.gadā Rīgas Cirkā notika Latvijas čempionāts Seidokaikan karatē – Taizemiešu boksa un pilnkontakta karatē sadaļās. Līdz ar to sākās aktīva darbība Taizemiešu boksa skolas un sportistu sagatavošanas sistēmas attīstībā.
Kāpēc Divcīņa? Audzināšanas aspekts.
No psiholoģiski pedagoģiskā acu viedokļa visus narkomānijas faktorus var iedalīt divās grupās: vides veidojamie faktori – sociālpsiholoģiskie, un tieši psiholoģiskais faktors – pusaudža personība. Attiecīgi arī narkotiskās atkarības profilaksē pastāv divi darbības virzieni: 1) darbs pusaudžu vidū – riska faktoru atklāšana un novēršana, un 2) darbs ar personību – rakstura noturības audzināšana sociālpsiholoģisko faktoru iedarbības apstākļos. Psihologi izvērtējusi: ja personība līdz 21.gada vecuma sasniegšanai veidojas veselīgā vidē, varbūtība, ka jaunietis aizrausies ar narkotikām, alkoholu vai smēķēšanu, ir mazāka par 0,1%.
Arī informatīvās vides izveidošana ir darba ar jaunatni neatņemama sastāvdaļa. Pēc speciālistu vērtējumiem divcīņas sports sekmē bērnā līdera īpašību aktīvāku veidošanos, kas palīdz viņam pārvarēt sarežģītās dzīves situācijas, attīsta iemaņas patstāvīgi tikt galā ar grūtajiem jautājumiem un veido daudz stabilāku psihi.
Kāpēc Divcīņa? Reklāmas aspekts.
It visur pasaulē, kur vien ir televīzija, reklāmas aģentūras pauž lielu interesi par sportu, neatstājot novārtā arī kaujas sporta veidus. Ekonomiski veiksmīgajās valstīs, kā liecina daudzas un daudzas aptaujas un statistiskie dati, divcīņu sports popularitātes ziņā iekļaujas piecu pirmo vidū. Tie ir bokss, Taizemiešu bokss, K-1, S-1, kikboksings. Taizemē, attiecīgi, pirmajā vietā it Taizemiešu bokss. Arī Latvija šajā sarakstā nav izņēmums. Oficiālā statistika liecina, ka divcīņu sporta veidiem veltīto TV pārraižu laikā skatītāju auditorija vienlaikus sasniedz 80 tūkstošus cilvēkus. Var rēķināties ar to, ka visas pārraides gaitā skatītāju skaits ir ap 100 000 cilvēku.
Izejot no augstāk teiktā, Latvijā par populārākiem, bez profesionālā un amatieru boksa, var uzskatīt jauktās kaujas mākslas („Mix Fight”) un Taizemiešu boksu.
Latvijas Taizemiešu boksa Federācijas otrā dzimšana
Šodien par lielu sasniegumu var uzskatīt Latvijas komandas piedalīšanos 2006.gada pasaules čempionātā, kas notika Taizemē, Bangkokā. Mūsu sportisti ierindojās pasaules 10 labāko sportistu pulkā. Par sporta panākumiem un lielu darbu Taizemiešu boksa attīstības un propagandas jomā, tāpat kā par Latvijas kā sporta valsts imidža celšanu pasaulē, LR Izglītības un zinātnes ministrijas Sporta pārvalde izsniedza mūsu federācijai apliecību Nr.095, kas piešķir mums tiesības veicināt un koordinēt darbību Taizemiešu sporta attīstībai Latvijā, pārstāvēt Latviju starptautiskajās sacensībās.
Taizemiešu boksa lielā ģimene.
Taizemiešu boksa Starptautiskajā federācijā – IFMA (International Federation of Muay ThaiAmateur) ir apvienojušās 93 pasaules valstis, tostarp arī Latvija. 2006.gada 7.aprīlī IFMA kļuva par Sporta federāciju Starptautiskās asamblejas (GAISF) locekli. Šī starptautiskā organizācija kalpo par starta laukumu, lai organizācija tiktu iekļauta Olimpisko spēļu sastāvā. Un tas ir noticis! Tagad Latvijas federācija sāk gatavoties tam, lai sekmīgi uzstātos 2008.gada Olimpiādē Pekinā. Un galvenais! Latvija, gada laikā piedaloties visos rīkotajos Starptautiskajos turnīros, tagad var cīnīties par tiesībām organizēt valstī 2006.gada EIROPAS ČEMPIONĀTU! Latvja pretendē uz tiesībām rīkot Eiropas Čempionātu Rīgā! Latvijas izlases komandas uzstāšanās laikā Starptautiskajos turnīros mēs prezentējam savu valsti kā spējīgu organizatoru un drošu partneri. Mēs veidojam Latvijas pozitīvo tēlu visā pasaulē un Eiropā!
Taizemiešu boksa noteikumi
Visās sacensībās ringam jāatbilst šādām prasībām: Izmēri. Ringam ir jābūt kvadrāta formā. Minimālais malas garums 4,90 m (16 pēdas) un maksimālais malas garums virvju līnijas iekšpusē 6,10 m (20 pēdas). Ringam ir jāatrodas uz paaugstinājuma, kura augstums nav mazāks par 91 cm (3 pēdas), bet ne augstāks par 1,22 m (4 pēdas) no grīdas līmeņa vai pamata. Sacensībās lieto sarkanus vai zilus cimdus – saskaņā ar viņa stūri ringā. Cimdu svars 10 unces (284 g), Mutes aizsargs. ir jālieto mutes aizsargs. Tam ir jāatbilst zobu formai. Bandāža. Sacensību dalībniekiem jānēsā cietā bandāža, kā arī papildus var būt mīkstā bandāža. Dalībniekam ir jābūt vienam sarkanam un vienam zilam galvas aizsargam. Medicīniskā apskate. Pirms svēršanās sacensību dalībniekam jāsaņem apstiprinājums no Medicīnas dalībnieka par to, ka viņa fiziskais stāvoklis ļauj viņam piedalīties sacensībās. Svēršanās. Visu svaru kategoriju bokseriem jābūt gataviem svara pārbaudei pirmajā sacensību dienā noteiktā laikā
Sacensības vada galvenā tiesneša kolēģija saskaņa ar starptautiskajiem noteikumiem (Rules & Regulations) Noteikumu pārkāpums Aizrādījumi, brīdinājumi, diskvalifikācija. sportists, kurš neizpilda ringa tiesneša norādījumus, darbojas pret noteikumiem, pauž nesportiski uzvedas vai pārkāpj noteikumus, pēc ringa tiesneša lēmuma var tikt sodīts ar aizrādījumu, brīdinājumu vai diskvalifikāciju. Nepārtraucot cīņu un izvēloties brīdi, kad tas nav bīstami, ringa tiesnesis var bokserim aizrādījumu. Kad viņš vēlas izteikt bokserim brīdinājumu, cīņa ir jāpārtrauc un ar žestiem jāparāda, kāds pārkāpums ir izdarīts. Pēc tam jānorāda uz pārkāpumu izdarījušo bokseri un jāparāda tas katram no pieciem tiesnešiem. Ja ringa tiesnesis jau ir izteicis bokserim brīdinājumu par konkrētu pārkāpumu, piemēram, satvērienu, viņš nevar izteikt aizrādījumu par analogu pārkāpumu. Par trim aizrādījumiem, kuri ir izteikti par vienu un to pašu pārkāpuma veidu, tiek izteikts brīdinājums. Vienam un tam pašam sportistam vienā cīņā var tik izteikti tikai trīs brīdinājumi. Trešais brīdinājums ved pie automātiskas diskvalifikācijas. Sekundanti. Katrs sportists atbild arī par savu sekundantu uzvedību. Ringa tiesnešu un tiesnešu konsultācijas. Ja ringa tiesnesim ir pamats aizdomām, ka ir bijis izdarīts pārkāpums., kuru viņš pats nav redzējis, viņš var konsultēties ar tiesnešiem.
Starptautiskie sacensību noteikumi
A. Requirements: In all competitions, the ring shall conform with the following requirements;
1. Size: The minimum size shall be 16 feet and the maximum size 20 feet inside the line of the ropes. In the International championships, the size of the ring shall be 6.10 sqm. The ring shall not be less than 9 cm (3 feet) or more than 1.20 m (4 feet) above the ground.
2. Platform and Corner Pads: The platform shall be safely constructed, level and free from any obstructing projections and shall extend for at least 50 cm outside the line of the ropes. It shall be fitted with four corner posts which shall be well padded or otherwise so constructed as to prevent injury to the boxers. The corner pads should be arranged in the following way;
Red – in the nearer left-side ring corner facing the chairman of the Jury
White – in the far left-side corner
Blue – in the far right-side
White – in the near right corner
3. Floor Covering: The floor shall be covered with felt, rubber or other suitable (approved) material having the same quality of elasticity, not less than 1.5 cm. and not more than 2.00 cm thick over which canvas shall be stretched and secured in place. The felt, from the rubber of other approved material and canvas shall cover the entire platform.
4. Rope: There shall be 3 or 4 ropes with a thickness of minimum of 3 cm. and maximum of 5 cm. tightly drawn from the corner posts at 40 cm, 80 cm and 130 cm. height respectively. In case of 4 ropes, the rope shall be 40 cm, 71 cm, 100 cm and 130 cm high respectively. The ropes shall be covered with a soft or smooth material. The rope shall be joined on each side, at equal intervals, by two pieces of closely textured canvas 3 to 4 cm wide. The pieces must not slide along the rope.
5. Steps: The ring shall be provided with 3 sets of steps – 1 set at each of the opposite corners for the use of contestants and one set in the neutral corner for use by the referees and doctors.
6. Plastic Bag: In the 2 neutral corners outside the ring, a small plastic bag shall be fixed in which the referee shall drop the cotton or tissue pads, used by him to stop bleeding.
B. Additional Rings: 2 or more rings may be used in important championships.
A. Authorised Gloves: Boxers shall wear the gloves which the organiser of the competition has placed at their disposal and which have been approved by the Executive Committee of IFMA. Boxers are not allowed to wear their own gloves.
B. Specification: The gloves shall weigh 10 ounces (284 grams) of which the leather portion shall not weigh more than half of the total weight and the padding not less than half the total weight. The padding of the gloves shall not be displaced or broken. Only clean and serviceable gloves shall be used.
C. Procedures for control of IFMA Gloves: IFMA will continue to establish specification for the manufacture of competitive boxing gloves for IFMA competition. Manufacturers desiring to obtain IFMA approval for their 10 oz. gloves must submit a sample of inspection by the IFMA and final approval by the Executive committee. After such final approval, manufacturers will obtain from IFMA an official stamp or label which must be built into each glove manufactured for use in amateur competition. The IFMA organisation responsible for each competition must approve the gloves for that competition; IFMA approves for the IFMA World Championships, the Continental Bureau for Continental Championships and National Federations for all competitions under their control unless the responsible IFMA organisation designates a specific manufacturer. The organiser may normally use whatever IFMA approved boxing gloves are most readily available. All boxers in any one competition must wear exactly the same gloves.
D. IFMA glove supervision: All gloves and bandages shall be fitted under the supervision of two knowledgeable officials appointed for the purpose who will see that all the rules have been carefully observed. They will delegate security duties to ensure that all rules are observed until the boxers enter the ring.
A. Specifications: A soft surgical bandaging not longer than 2.5 m and whose width does not exceed 5 cm or a “Velpeau” bandaging not longer than 2.5 m on each hand should be used – no other kind of bandage may be used. The use of any kind of tapes – rubber or adhesive plaster, as bandages, is strictly forbidden, but a single strap of achieve 7.5 cm long and 2.5 wide may used at the upper wrists to secure the bandages.
B. Continental World Tournament: Bandages for use at Continental World tournament will be provided by the host of the country. At each bout the contestants shall use new bandages supplied to them by the officials in the dressing rooms immediately before the contest.
A. Authorised Dress: Boxer shall be dressed in accordance with the following;
1. Clothing: The boxer must wear boxing shorts – red or blue according to the corner. They must put on a sleeveless shirt or singlet of the same color as their shorts. They must wear the sacred headband (Mong-Kon) for praying homage before the bout. A Krueng-Wrang (arm band) with an amulet or charm may be put on around the upper arm, biceps or waist but must be neatly covered.
2. Gum shields: Gum shields shall be worn. The gum shield should be form-fitted. Form-fitted mouthpieces must be made available by the organizing host country for any participant who does not have his own, against payment by the boxer concerned or his National Association. It is forbidden for a boxer to intentionally remove his mouthpiece during the contest and if he does so, he shall be warned or disqualified. If a boxer has his mouthpiece knocked out, the referee shall take the boxer to his corner – have the mouthpiece washed and return to its proper position. While this is being done, the second is not allowed to talk to his boxer.
3. Cup protectors: A cup protector shall be worn, a jock – strap may be worn in addition.
4. Head-guard: The heard-guard is an individual and form fitted item of the boxer’s equipment. The use of the head-guard is mandatory. It shall conform to IFMA specifications. Boxers must come into the ring without their head guard – only after having been presented to the audience and Wai Kru has completed should they put it on. The head guard shall be taken off immediately the bout is over and before the decision is announced.
5. Shin guards and Elbow guards: The use of shin guard and elbow guard is mandatory. It shall conform with IFMA specifications as it is the responsibility of the organizing committee to provide shin guards and elbow guards to the boxer.
6. Body protectors: The use of body protectors are mandatory for B Division, Female and Junior Divisions only. It shall conform with IFMA specifications as it is the responsibility of the organizing committee to provide body protectors to the boxer. The body protector is a non-requirement for the A division.
B. Prohibited objects;
1. No other objects may be worn during the competition: the use of grease, Vaseline, rubbing lineament or products likely to be harmful or objectionable to an opponent on the face, arms or any other part of the body is forbidden.
2. Boxers shall be clean-shaven: Beards are not allowed – a thin moustache is allowed – not to exceed the length of the upper lip.
C. Dress infraction: A referee shall exclude from the bout any boxer who is not wearing the head-guard, groin-guard and gumshield or who is not clean and properly dressed. In the event of the boxer’s glove or dress becoming undone during boxing, a referee shall stop the contest to have it attended to.
A. Ring Equipment Required: The following ring equipment shall be available;
Two shallow trays containing ground resin.
Two seats – two swiveling seats for boxers’ use during intervals.
Two plastic mugs to be used for drinking and mouth wash only and where water is not piped directly to the ringside, two plastic spray bottles and two small plastic bottles for drinking. No other type of water bottles is permitted at ringside for use by the boxers or seconds.
Table and chairs for officials
Gong (with striker) or bell.
One (preferably two) stop watches.
Pads of scoring paper conforming to the pattern drawn up by IFMA
One First-aid Kit
One microphone connected to the loud speaker system and other back up
Two pairs of uniform gloves of the same manufacture as described in Rule II
Two head-guards (one in red and one in blue color).
A. Medical Examination
1. In the time fixed for the weigh-in: A competitor must be passed as fit to compete by the doctor appointed by the executive committee before being weighed in. To ensure a smooth running of the weigh-in, the executive committee may decide to begin the medical examination at an earlier time.
2. At the medical examination and weigh-in: the boxer shall produce his international competition record book, which must be signed by the Secretary or Executive Director of his National Association where the requisite entries shall be made by the officials in charge.
B. Weight Classification.
Weight Category Over kg. To kg.
Pin *Junior Division Only 42 45
Light Fly 45 48
Fly 48 51
Bantam 51 54
Feather 54 57
Light 57 60
Light Welter 60 63.5
Welter 63.5 67
Light Middle 67 71
Middle 71 75
Light Heavy 75 81
Cruiser 81 86
Heavy 86 91
Super Heavy 91 +
Female Divisions will only go up to Light Heavy (75 and over)
Junior Male Divisions are the same as Senior Male
Junior Female Divisions will only go up to Light Heavy (75 and over)
**In order to have a medal ceremony there must be at least 3 boxers in the division.
C. Weigh in
1. World Championships, Continental Championships, International Championship:
The following shall be the regulation regarding the weigh-in;
The contestants at all weights shall be required to be ready to weigh on the first morning of the competition at an hour appointed between 8 am. and 10 am. On the following competition days only those who are drawn to box shall appear at the same time between 8 to 9 am. It shall be in the power of the Executive Committee or other IFMA authorised delegate to relax this condition slightly if unavoidable delay occurs. Boxing shall not commence earlier than three clear hours after the time appointed for the close of the weight-in or such shorter time as the Executive Committee after consulting the Medical Commission shall decide is suitable and not liable to be detrimental to a boxer taking part in the early bouts of the forthcoming boxing session.
Delegates authorised by IFMA shall supervise the weight-in. A delegate of the National Association of each contestant may be present at the weigh-in but may not in any way interfere.
The weight registered at the official weigh-in on the first day decides the weight class of the boxer for the whole of the competition but he will still be required to weigh-in each day on which he is due to box to ensure that his actual weight on that day does not exceed the maximum of his weight class. A contestant may only box in the weight for which he has qualified at the official weigh-in.
A competitor will be allowed to present himself at the official scales only once at the weigh-in each day. The weight recorded on that presentation is final. On the first day, it is permissible, however, for the National Team-manager of a competitor who has failed to make the weight at the original weight-in to enter him there upon for the higher or lower weight for which he is qualified. But only if this country has a free place at that weight and the weigh-in is not yet closed. It is also permissible for a Nation to substitute one boxer for another at anytime up to the close of the first weigh-in and the medical examination, provided that in any competition where reserves are permitted, the substituted boxer has been entered as reserve for the weight or any other weight.
The weight is the one shown by the scale, the body being naked. The weight shall be in the metric scale. Electronic scale is recommended.
In the case of tournament or competition between 2 or more nations, the weigh-in shall be effected by a member designated by the National Association of the organizing country who shall be assisted by a representative of the country or countries invited, this last or these last having the right to check the weight of each boxer.
If a competitor exceeds the weight limit of his class, he can be authorised to box if the excess weight is not greater than 500 grams. But, regardless of the actual outcome of the bout, the boxer who has exceeded the weight may only gain the number of marks allotted to a loser and his opponent (provided he has made the weight and passed the medical examination on the day and presents himself in the ring dressed for boxing) shall gain the marks allotted to the winner.
If both boxers exceed the weight limit for the class for which they have been entered, they will gain for their teams only the number of marks allotted to a loser.
If the excess weight of a competitor is grater than 500 grams, but does not exceed 2.7 kgs, the official representative of the opposing team shall be entitled to accept him and the boxer who has make the weight. A competitor must be passed as fit to compete by the appointed quailed doctor of medicine before being weighed.
In Inter-Nation Tournament or Internationals, the weighing of competitors may be concluded in 30 minutes. A boxer who exceeds the weight limit or fails to appear within the set period shall be declared a losing boxer.
2. Inter – Nation Contest.
The Association of the Nation who receives a visiting team shall put a scale and a place of training at the disposal of the team from the time of the latter’s arrival at the town where the match is to take place.
A. The Draw: the draw shall take place after the medical examination and weigh-in. The draw must take place in the presence of official representatives of the teams concerned and must ensure where practicable that no competitor shall box twice in the competition before all other competitors have boxed at least once. In special situations, the Executive committee of IFMA has the right to depart from this rule. The draw shall proceed first for the boxers to box in the first series and then for the byes. However, no boxer may be awarded a World or Continental Championship Medal without having boxed.
B. Byes: In competitions where there are more than four competitors, a sufficient number of byes shall be drawn in the first series to reduce the number of competitors in the second series to 4, 8, 16 or 32. Competitors drawing a bye in the first series shall be the first to box in the second series. If there are an odd number of byes, the boxer who draws the last bye will compete in the second series against the winner of the first bout in the first series. Where the number of byes is even, the boxer drawing byes shall box the first bouts in the second series in the order in which they are drawn. No medal shall be awarded to a boxer who has not boxed at least once.
C. Order of the program: in the World Championships and Continental Championships, the order of the program should be arranged so far as practicable in the order of weights so that in each series the lightest weights will be run off first and thence in order of weights up to the heaviest in arranging the daily programs, the wishes of the hosts may be accommodated as long as this does not call into question the results of the draw.
A. Wai Kru: Before the first round, every boxer must perform the traditional Thai ritual of homage “Wai Kru” according to the customs of Muaythai. It is not permitted to perform any other form of martial art ritual that is not a conventional part of the art of Muaythai. The traditional Thai musical instruments: java pipe, small cymbals and two drums will accompany the ritual.
B. Rounds: In World or Continental Championships or Tournaments, there shall be 3 rounds of 3 minutes each for both male and female competitors.
For Juniors, it will be 3 rounds of 2 minute each.
Stopping of the contest for warning cautions, putting clothing or equipment into order or for any other reason is not included in the 3 minutes.
A full 1 minute of rest shall be given between the rounds. No additional round may be given.
C. International Contest: The rounds are normally the same as above. There shall always be a 1 minute interval between rounds.
A. The Second: Each competitor is entitled to 2 seconds who shall be governed by the following rules;
Only the two seconds shall mount the apron of the ring and only one may enter the ring.
During the boxing, none of the seconds shall remain on the platform of the ring. Before a round begins, they shall remove from the platform of the ring, seats, towels, buckets, etc.
The second, while officiating in the corner, shall be possession of a towel and sponge for the boxer. A second may give in for a competitor, and may, when he considers his boxer to be in difficulties, throw the sponge or towel into the ring – except when the referee is in the course of counting.
The chairman of the R/J commission at each tournament shall arrange a joint meeting of the R/Js and the seconds who are going to work in each tournament and emphasize that IFMA Rules will be followed and that boxers’ violations of these rules may lose not only points, but the Championship.
No advice, assistance or encouragement shall be given to a competitor by a second during the progress of the rounds. If a second violates the rules, he may be warned or disqualified. His boxer may also be cautioned, warned or disqualified by the referee for offences committed by his seconds. Any second or official encouraging or inciting spectators by words or signs to advise or encourage a boxer during the progress of a round shall not be permitted to continue to act as a second at the tournament where the offense is committed. If a second is removed by the referee from the corner, he shall not officiate any more in that session of the competition. Once such an official is removed from the corner by the referee, he shall leave the boxing hall for the remainder of the session. If, this happens during a tournament he is removed as a second for that tournament.
B. Dress of seconds: The second must dress property. No shorts, thongs, open-toed shoes, vests or other impolite clothing is allowed. The colours of the National Association are recommended.
A. Championships: in the World Championship, World Cup competitions, Continental Championships and other international championships each contest shall be controlled by an IFMA approved Referee who shall officiate in the ring but shall not mark a scoring paper.
B. Judges: each contest shall be marked by five IFMA Judges who shall be seated separately from the public and immediately adjacent to the ring. Two of the judges shall be seated on the same side of the ring at a sufficient distance from one another, and each of the other three judges shall be seated at the centre of one of the other three sides of the ring. When the number of officials available is insufficient, 3 judges instead of 5 may be used, but this shall not apply to the World Cup competition, World Championships or Continental Championships.
C. International Matches: in international matches consisting of the teams of two or more national associations, a contest may be controlled in such a manner as may be agreed between the official representatives of the associations concerned, provided that such agreement shall not override the basic principles for refereeing and judging laid down in the IFMA Rules.
D. Neutrality: to ensure neutrality, the names of the referee and the 5 judges for each contest shall be selected by the commission of refereeing and judging in accordance with the following directives;
That each such official shall be an approved referee/judge.
That each such official shall be of different country and association from each other and from each of the boxers taking part in the contest.
That each such official shall not be a national of or resident in any country which is a Dominion, Colony or Dependency of the county of any of the boxers taking part in the contest.
That in the event of a change of country of any official, such official shall not officiate in any contest in which a boxer of his original country is taking part or a referee or judge of that country is acting.
In no case shall more than 2 officials in one and the same contest come form the same continent.
The referees and judges for the finals shall be approved by the executive committee as a whole as being IFMA authorised persons.
That in the event of it being impossible for the commission of refereeing and judging to apply the above directives in a particular case they shall resolve the difficulty by ensuring as far as it may be possible the neutrality and impartiality of the officials appointed, and shall report the matter as soon as convenient to the Executive committee.
In the event of it being found impossible by the commission of referring and judging in any case to comply with the above directives, the name of names of an official or officials may be drawn by lot by the President of the commission of referring and judging, or someone acting on his behalf, for the contest in question.
E. Conflict of interest: gentlemen acting as referees or judges in any contest or tournament shall not at any time during the same contest or series of contests act as team manager, trainer of second to any boxer or team of boxers taking part in such contest or series of contest or so act in a contest in which a competitor of their nationality is taking part.
F. Disciplinary Action: the Executive Committee, or its duly authorised representative may, upon the recommendation of the jury, dispense (temporarily or permanently), with the services of any referee who, in its opinion, does not efficiently enforce the rules of the IFMA, or any judge whose marking or scoring of contests it considers not to be satisfactory.
G. Replacing the referee during the bout: if a referee is incapacitated in the course of a bout, the timekeeper shall strike the gong to stop the bout and the next available neutral referee on the IFMA international list shall be instructed to control the bout and order boxing to be resumed.
H. Obligation of attendance: the Association of which an international referees/judges selected by the Executive Committee is a member shall be under obligation to send him to the World Championships, or Continental Championships to carry out the duties for which he has been selected unless such person for adequate reasons personally refuses such invitation. In Nations where the responsibility of financing their teams or similar area games is handled by another organisation, that organisation will be responsible to transport and maintain officials selected to the Games under their responsibility.
A. International Referee/Judges and International Judge: the title of “international referee/judge” or “international judge” shall be the highest title for a referee/judge of Amateur Muaythai. A person admitted to the international list shall be given a diploma of “International Muaythai Referee and /or Judge”. He shall also be given a badge of IFMA corresponding to his title and an identity card.
B. Rules and regulations for qualifying as international Muaythai referee/judges stipulated by the IFMA Executive Committee. C. Honorary Referee and/or Judge: the Executive Committee may award for life, the title of “Honorary Referee and/or Judge of Amateur Muaythai” to international officials who have retired, and have displayed the requisite qualifications in a highly satisfactory manner.
A. Appointment: During the World Championships or World Cup, the Executive Committee shall appoint a Jury. During the Continental Championship, the Jury shall be appointed by the Executive Committee of the Continental Association, or in case there is not Continental Association, by the Continental Bureau concerned, at each boxing session (other than the finals) the Jury shall consist of not less than 3 persons, nor more than 5 persons, including an acting President, 2 of whom shall be members of the Commission of Refereeing and Judging or used to be in the international list of R/J. No other member of the Jury shall sit at the Jury table during that session.
Each acting member of the jury shall record his score of each bout witnessed by him and these score shall be available for comparison with those of the Judges functioning in those bouts.
The Jury or acting Jury shall check the scoring papers of the 5 judges to ensure that (a) the points are correctly totaled; (b) the names of the boxers are correctly entered; (c) a winner is nominated and (d) the scoring papers are signed, that are the Jury has to check the decision as given on the score sheets. The President of the Jury, or acting Jury, shall then make known to the announcer his name of the boxer shown as winner on the majority of the 5 score papers.
The Jury Members acting at each session will meet on the following morning to consider the officiating of Referee and Judges on the previous day, and will make recommendations to the Executive Committee with regard to any referee or judge who they consider did not display the necessary standard on the preceding day. They shall require the attendance of any Referee or Judge whom they wish to interview with regard to his officiating on the previous day.
The Jury Members shall inform the Executive Committee of IFMA in writing, about any Referee or Judge who, in their opinion, does not efficiently enforce the Rules of the IFMA and any Judge whose scoring of contest they consider unsatisfactory.
The Jury Members shall submit to the Executive Committee of IFMA, the Executive Committee of the Continental Association, or in case there is no continental Association, the Regional Bureau concerned, any amendment to the Panel of Referees and Judge that they consider necessary.
The Jury Members shall bring to the notice of the Executive Committee any Referee or Judge of the International Panel who, having been nominated to act as such by his association and who, being present at, World Championships or Continental Championships, fails to be available for such duties without previously notifying the General Secretary of his absence and giving adequate reasons therefore.
If an official appointed for a contest is absent, the Jury many appoint form the roll of approved officials a suitable member to replace the absent member, reporting this change to the Executive committee or Continental Bureau concerned as soon as it may be possible.
If circumstances should arise which would mitigate against the holding of a contest under proper conditions and if a Referee should take no efficient action concerning the situation, the Jury may order competition to cease until it may be satisfactory resumed. The Jury, or acting Jury, may also take any immediate action they consider necessary to deal with circumstances which would mitigate against the proper conduct of competition at any session.
The acting Jury will consult the commission of refereeing and judging with regards to any decisions or recommendations they may be required to take.
Should the boxer commit a serious and deliberate offense that is contrary to the spirit of sportsmanship, the Jury has the right to recommend and the Executive Committee to declare him ineligible for competitions for a specific period of time. The E.C. may deprive him of a medal or prize already won in that competition.
C. Overruling the Referee and/or Judges: Decisions of a referee and/or judge may overruled by the Jury in the following way;
When the referee has given a decision which is clearly against the Articles and Rules of IFMA (when considering such an incident, the Jury any use videotape recorder, DVD, film etc.)
When it is obvious that the judges have made a mistake on their score sheets which results in a wrong verdict.
D. Protests: A protest can be lodged by the manager of a team within thirty minutes after the decision has been announced. The protest shall be made in writing and handed to the President of the Jury, along with a protest fee of US$ 100. If the jury agrees to review, necessary action may be taken in the matter. If the protest is upheld, the money will be refunded.
E. Conflict of interest: members of the Jury officiating at World Championships, World Cup Competitions, and Continental Championships shall not officiate as referees and judges at those Games or Championships.
F. Neutrality: The members of the jury at international boxing tournaments shall come from different countries.
A. Primary concern: the care of the boxer is the primary concern of the referee.
B. Duties: the referee shall officiate in the ring. He shall be dressed in dark blue trousers, light blue shirt and light shoes or boots without raised heels, bow tie (black) shall be warn, but in tropical climates may be dispensed with if the Chairman of Jury of Chairman of R/J commission agrees. He may use surgical gloves when officiating. The referee shall;
See that the rules and fair play are strictly observed
Maintain control of the contest at all its stages.
Prevent a weak boxer from receiving undue and unnecessary punishment.
Check the gloves and dress.
He shall use 3 worlds of command;
“Yoot” (“Stop”) when ordering the boxers to stop fighting.
“Chok” (“Box”) when ordering them to continue.
“Yak” (“Break”) when breaking a clinch, upon which command each boxer shall step back before continuing fighting.
He shall indicate to a boxer by suitable explanatory signs of gestures any infringement of the rules.
At the end of a contest collect and check the papers of the 5 fudges where applicable; after checking he shall hand these papers to the President of the Jury, or on occasions when there is no Jury, to the announcer.
The Referee shall not indicate the winner, by raising a boxer’s hand or otherwise, until the announcement has been made. When the winner of the bout is announced, the referee shall raise the hand of the winning boxer.
When the referee has disqualified a boxer or stopped the bout, he shall first inform the President of the Jury which boxer has been disqualified or the reason for which he has stopped the bout, to enable the President to instruct the announcer to make the decision correctly known to the public
C. Powers of the referee: The referee is empowered:
To terminate a contest at any stage if he considers it too one-sided.
To terminate a contest at any stage if one of the boxers has received an injury on account of which the referee decides he should not continue.
To terminate a contest at any stage if he considers the contestants are not in earnest. In such case he may disqualify one or both contestants.
To caution a boxer or to stop the fight during a contest and administer a warning to a boxer against fouls or for any other reason in the interests of fair play, or to ensure compliance with the rules.
To disqualify a boxer who fails to comply immediately with his orders, or behaves towards him in an offensive or aggressive manner at any time.
To disqualify a second who has infringed the rules, and the boxer himself if the second does not comply with the referee’s orders With or without previous warning, to disqualify a contestant for committing a serious foul.
In the event of a knock-down, to suspend a count, if a boxer deliberately fails to retire to a neutral corner or delays to do so. To interpret the rules insofar as they are applicable or relevant to the actual contest to decide and take action on any circumstance of the contest which is not covered by a rule.
D. Warning: If a boxer infringes the rules but does not merit disqualification for such infringement, the referee shall stop the contest and shall issue a warning to the offender. As a preliminary to a warning, the referee shall order the boxers to stop. The warning shall be clearly given and in such a way that the boxer understands the reason and the purpose of the warning. The referee shall signal with his hand to each of the judge that a special warning has been given and shall clearly indicate to them the boxer whom he has warned. After giving the warning, the referee shall order the boxers to “CHOK”. If a boxer is given 3 warnings in a contest, he shall be disqualified.
E. Cautions: A referee may caution a boxer. A caution is in the nature of advice or admonition given by the referee to a boxer to check or prevent undesirable practices of the less serious infringements of the rules. To do so he will not necessarily stop the contest but may avail of a suitable safe opportunity during a round to admonish a boxer for an infringement of the rules.
F. Medical Considerations: A referee, before officiating in any international tournament conducted under these rules shall undergo a medical examination as to his physical fitness for carrying out these duties in the ring. His vision shall be at least 6 dioptres in each eye. The wearing of spectacles by a referee during the progress of a bout is not permitted, but contact lenses are allowed. It will be compulsory for the referee to take part in a meeting before each Championship, arranged by the Medical Jury.
A. Dress: The judges shall be dressed as same as referee. Appropriate jackets may be worn when authorised. Eye glasses can be used if required.
Each Judges shall independently judge the merits of the 2 contestants and shall decide the winner according to the rules He shall not speck to a contestant or to another Judge, nor to anyone else except the referee during the contest, but may, it is necessary, at the end of a round, bring to the notice of the referee any incident which he (the referee) may appear not to have noticed, such as the misconduct of a second, loose ropes etc.
The number of points awarded to each competitor shall be entered by a Judge on his scoring paper immediately after the end of each round.
At the end of the bout a Judge shall total the points, nominate a winner and sign his scoring paper, and his verdict shall be made known to the public.
He shall not leave his seat until the verdict has been announced to the public.
A. Duties of Timekeeper:
The main duty of timekeeper is to regulate the number and duration of the rounds, the intervals between rounds. The intervals between rounds shall be of a full (1) minute duration
He shall commence and end each round by striking the gong or bell
Indicate or give a signal of 5 seconds to clear the ring before the commencement of each round.
He shall take off time for temporary stoppages or when instructed to do so by the referee.
He shall regulate all periods of time and counts by a watch or clock
At a “Knock-down” he shall signal to the referee with his hand the passing of the seconds while the referee is counting.
If, at the end of a round, a boxer is “down” and the referee is in the course of counting, the gong indicating the end of the round of 2 minutes will not be sounded. The gong will be sounded only when the referee gives the command “CHOCK” indicating the continuation of the match. This will not apply, however, in the last round of the FINALS of the World Championship, World Cup competition, Continental Championships or International Tournaments.
B. Duties of Announcer:
Announce the name, club or country, weight and corner of both boxers to the public whenever they appear in the ring 5 seconds before commencing of each round he shall clear the ring by ordering “clear the ring” or “second out”
Announce for the starting and ending of each round
Announce the result of the competition and name of the winner
C. Position: They shall be seated directly at the ringside.
A. Types: decisions shall be as follows:
Win on points: at the end of a contest, the boxer who has been awarded the decision by a majority of the judges shall be declared the winner. If both boxers are injured, or are knocked-out simultaneously, and cannot continue the contest, the Judges shall record the points gained by each boxer up to its termination, the contest, shall be declared the winner.
Win by Retirement: if a boxer retires immediately after the rest between rounds, his opponent shall be declared the winner. Win by Referee Stopping Contest;
Outclassed: RSC is term used to stop a bout when a boxer is outclassed or is unfit to continue. If a boxer, in the opinion of the referee is being outclassed or is receiving excessive punishment, the bout shall be stopped and his opponent declared the winner. Injury:
If a boxer, in the opinion of the referee, is unfit to continue of injury sustained from correct hits or other action or is incapacitated for any other physical reasons, the bout shall be stopped and his opponent declared the winner. The right to make this decision rests with the referee, who may consult the Doctor. Having consulted the doctor, the referee must follow his advice. It is recommended that the referee checks the other boxer for injury also before he makes this decision.
When a referee calls a doctor into the ring to examine a boxer, only these 2 officials should be present. No seconds should be allowed into the ring or on the apron.
RSCH: after having received hard head blows or hits to the head making him defenseless and incapable of continuing the contest. The term RSCH is not to be used when a boxer is simply outclassed and is receiving too many scoring hits without scoring himself. RSCB: after having received a hard hit to any part of the body except the head making him defenseless and incapable of continuing the contest.
Compulsory Count Limits: A boxer ( male and female) has 3 counts in the same round or 4 counts for the whole bout. Junior competitors have 2 counts in the same round or 3 counts for the whole bout.
Win by Disqualification: If a boxer is disqualified, his opponent shall be declared the winner. If both boxers are disqualified, the decision shall be announced accordingly. A disqualified boxer shall not be entitled to any prize, medal, trophy, honorable award or grading, relating to any stage of the competition in which he has been disqualified, provided that in exceptional cases, it shall be open to the Executive Committee (or in their absence, the jury or acting Jury, and where there shall be no Jury, to the person or persons responsible for the conduct of the event in which the disqualification occurs), to rule otherwise. But, all such decisions, where not made by the Executive Committee, shall be subject to review and confirmation by it on receiving such report of the incident as it may require.
Win by Knock-out: If a boxer is “down’ and fails to resume boxing within 10 seconds, his opponent shall be declared the winner by a knock-out.
No Contest: A bout may be terminated by the referee inside the scheduled distance owing to a material happening outside the responsibility of the boxers, or the control of the referee, such as the ring becoming damaged, the failure of the lighting supply, exceptional weather conditions, etc. In such circumstances, the bout shall be declared “no contest” and in the case of Championships, the Jury shall decide the necessary further action.
Win by Walk-over: Where a boxer presents himself in the ring fully attired for boxing and his opponent fails to appear after his name has been called out by the public address system, the bell sounded and a maximum period of 2 minutes has elapsed, the referee shall declare the first boxer to be the winner by a “Walk-over”. He shall first inform the judges to mark their papers accordingly, collect them and then summon the boxer to the center of the ring and after the decision is announced, raise his hand as winner. A draw (Dual Matches only): 2 clubs or 2 nations in a friendly Dual Mach may agree to a draw decision, when the majority of the Judges scored the competition equally.
Incidents in the ring outside the control of the referee:
If something happens that does not allow the bout to continue within 1 minute after the bell has rung for the beginning of the first or second round (e.g. power failure), the bout shall be stopped and the boxers will box again in the last bout of the same session. If the incident occurs in the third round of a bout, the contest shall be terminated and the judges are asked to give a decision as to the winner of the bout.
If the incident occurs in the last 3 bouts of a session on the program, the boxers shall be asked to box the first bout on the program of the next session. The boxer shall be weighed and medically examined again for that bout.
A. Awarding of points: the points will awarded whenever the boxer hits the opponent by punching, kicking, kneeing or elbowing with force, lands on target, no infringement without being blocked or guarded against.
B. End of each round: 10 points shall be awarded for each round. No fraction of points may be given. At the end of each round, the better (more skillful in Muaythai) boxer shall receive 10 points and his opponent proportionately less. When boxers are equal in merit, each shall receive 10 points.
C. Steps for awarding points:
A boxer wins the round when hitting more with Muaythai skills than the opponent.
A boxer wins the round when using a forceful Muaythai skill than the opponents.
A boxer wins the round when showing less exhaustion or less bruising.
A boxer wins the round when showing more aggression.
A boxer wins the round when having a better Muaythai style.
A boxer wins the round when having less infringement of the rules.
D. Non awarding of points:
Hitting with non Muaythai skills
Hits which are blocked by the opponent’s arms or legs.
Hitting with no force even it landed on target.
Throwing the opponent without hitting
Hitting while infringing any of the rules.
Target for Muaythai means any part of the body except the groin.
E. Scoring system:
10 points will be awarded to the boxer who wins the round, and the opponent proportionately less (9-8-7 respectively)
10 points will be awarded to each boxer if they are even in the round.
The boxer who wins the round by a small margin will receive 10 points, the opponent will receive 9 points
The boxer who wins the round by a big margin will receive 10 points; the opponent will receive 8 point or 7 points respectively.
The boxer will lose 1 point if he received 1 warning. That warning point may be awarded to the opponent if the judges are agreed.
F. Concerning Fouls:
Referee warning: if the referee warns one of the boxers, the Judges may award a point to the other competitor. When a Judge decides to award a point to a boxer for a foul committed by his opponent for which the latter has been warned by the referee, he shall place a “W” in the appropriate column against the point of the warned competitor to show that he has done so. If he decided not to award a point, he shall in the appropriate column, place the letter “x” against the points allotted for that round to the warned boxer indicating the reason he has done so.
Other: during each round a judge shall assess the seriousness of and shall impose an appropriate scoring penalty for any foul witnessed by him whether or not the referee has observed such foul. If a Judge observes a foul apparently unnoticed by the referee, and imposes an appropriate penalty on the offending boxer, he shall indicate that he has done so by placing in the appropriate column the letter “J” against the points of the offending boxer, and indicating the reasons why he has done so.
G. End of Tournament Contest: if, at the end of a contest having marked each round in accordance with directives, a judge finds that the boxers are equal in points, he shall award the decision to the boxer:
Who has showed the most aggression or who has shown the better style of Muaythai or if equal in that respect;
Who has shown the better defense (blocking, parrying, side-stepping, etc.) by which the opponent’s attacks have been made to miss.
A winner must be nominated in all Tournaments. In Dual Matches, a draw decision may be awarded.
A. Cautions, Warning, and Disqualifications: the boxer who does not obey the instructions of the referee, acts against the competition rules, boxes in any unsportsmanlike manner, or commits fouls, can at the discretion of the referee, be cautioned, warned or disqualified without warning.
A referee may, without stopping a contest, caution a boxer at some safe opportunity. If he intends to warn a boxer, he shall stop the contest, and will demonstrate the infringement. He will then point to the boxer and to each of the 5 judges.
A referee having once administered a warning for a particular foul cannot issue a caution for the same type of offense.
Three (3) cautions of the same type of foul will mandatory require a warning to be issued.
Only 3 warnings may be given to the same boxer in one contest.
The third warning brings automatic disqualification.
B. Types of fouls. If the boxer intentionally commit the following fouls:
Biting, head-butting, spitting at an opponent, pressing on opponent’s eyes with the thumb
Intentionally spitting out gum shield
Throwing, bending the back of opponent with Judo or Wresting techniques.
Falling over while the opponent is lying on the floor.
Attacking the opponent who is down or who is in the act of rising
Attacking while holding the ropes or making any unfair use of the ropes.
Locking of the opponent’s arm or head
Completely passive defense by means of double cover and intentionally falling to avoid a hit
Useless, aggressive, or offensive utterance during the round
Not stepping back when ordered to “Yak”
Attempting to hit the opponent immediately after the referee has ordered “Yak” and before taking a step back.
Assaulting or behaving in aggressive manner towards the referee at any time
Kneeing at groin of the opponent, if the boxer is unintentionally hit by Muaythai skill and unable to continue the fight, the referee will pause the fight for 5 minutes to allow the hit boxer to take a rest. If boxer refuses to resume the fight after 5 minutes rest he (she) will be declared as “loser:
Holding the opponent’s leg and pushing forward more than 2 steps without attacking with any one of Muaythai skills.
Intentionally falling down to avoid being hit while one’s leg is held by the opponent.
When both boxers fall out of the ring, it is a foul if one boxer tries to obstruct the other getting back into the ring.
Using any kind of forbidden substance acknowledged by the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
C. Seconds: each boxer can be held responsible for his seconds’ actions.
D. Referee consults Judges: if a referee has any reason to believe that a foul has been committed which he himself has not seen, he may consult the judges.
A. Definition: A boxer is considered “down” :
If he touches the floor with any part of his body other than his feet as the result of a hit or series of hits, or
If he hangs helplessly on the ropes as the result of a hit or series of hits, or
If he is outside or partly outside the ropes as the result of a hit or series of hits, or
If following a hard hit he has not fallen and is not lying on the ropes, but is in a semi-conscious state and cannot, in the opinion of the referee, continue the round.
B. The Count: in the case of a knock-down, the referee shall immediately begin to count the seconds. When a boxer is “down” the referee shall count aloud from one(1) to ten(10) in the Thai language:
NUENG = ONE
SONG = TWO
SAAM = THREE
SII = FOUR
HAH = FIVE
HOK = SIX
JED = SEVEN
BAED = EIGHT
KOUW = NINE
SIB = TEN
He shall have intervals of a second between the numbers, and shall indicate each second with his hand in such a manner that the boxer who has been knocked down may be award of the count. Before the number “NUENG” is counted, an interval of one second must have elapsed from the time when the boxer has fallen to the floor, and the time of announcing “NUENG”.
If the opponent should not go to the neutral corner on the command of the referee, the referee shall stop counting until the opponent has done so. The counting shall be then continued where it has been interrupted. The judge shall enter on his scoring paper “KD” when the referee had given a count to any of the 2 boxers. When the boxer is considered “down” due to a hit to the head, the judge shall then enter “KD+H” on his scoring paper.
C. Opponent’s responsibilities: if a boxer is down, his opponent must at once go to the neutral corner as designated by the referee. He may only continue against the opponent who is knocked down after the latter has gotten up and on the command “CHOCK” D. Mandatory 8 count: when a boxer is “down” as the result of being hit, the bout shall not be continued until the referee has reached the count of BAED (8), even if the boxer is ready to continue before then.
E. The Knock-out: after the referee has counted to ”SIB” (10) the bout ends and shall be decided as a “knock-out”
F. Boxer down at end of round: in the event of a boxer being “down” at the end of a round , (with the exception of the last round in the FINALS in the World Championships, World Cup, Continental Championships or International Tournament), the referee shall continue to count. Should the referee count up to 10, such boxer shall be deemed to have lost the bout by a “knock-out” if the boxer is fit to resume boxing before the count of 10 is reached, the referee shall immediately use the command “CHOCK”
G. Second time boxer down without a fresh hit: if a boxer is “down” as the result of a hit and the bout is continued after the count of BAED (8) has been reached, but the boxer falls again without having received a fresh hit, the referee shall continue the counting from the count of BAED (8) at which he has stopped.
H. Both boxers down: if both boxers go down at the same time, counting will be continued as long as one of them is still down. If both boxers remain down until SIB(10) the bout will be stopped and the decision given in accordance with the points awarded up to the time of the knock-down.
I. Boxer fails to resume: a boxer who fails to resume boxing immediately after the termination of the rest interval, or who when knocked down by a hit, fails to resume within 10 seconds, shall lost the contest.
J. Compulsory count limits: when a boxer has 3 compulsory counts in the same round or 4 times for the whole bout, the referee shall stop the contest (R.S.C or R.S.C.C.L)
A doctor for Muaythai should be a well-trained doctor in this sport. He shall sit close to the ring at a provided place and stay on till the end of the last bout of the session.
The duties of the doctor are as follows:
A. Check the health of boxer and certify that the boxer is fit to fight before the weigh-in
B. Give instruction to the referee upon his request.
C. Unconscious Boxer: if a boxer is rendered unconscious, then only the referee and the doctor summoned should remain in the ring. Unless the doctor needs extra help.
D. Medical Attention: a boxer who has been knocked out as a result of a head hit in a contest or wherein the referee has stopped the contest due to the boxer having received hard hits to the head making him defenseless or incapable of continuing, shall be examined by a doctor immediately afterwards and accompanied to his home or suitable accommodation by one of the officials on duty at the event. The ringside doctor shall call a neurologist as soon as possible and within 24 hours, who will decide on the further treatment of the boxer and will keep him under observation for a period of 4 weeks;
E. Probation Periods:
One knock-out or R.S.C.H: a boxer who has been knocked out as a result of a head hit during a contest or wherein the referee has stopped the contest due to the boxer having received hard hits to the head making him defenseless or incapable of continuing, shall not be permitted to take part in competition of Muaythai or sparring for a period of at least 4 weeks after he has been knocked out.
2 knock-outs or R.S.C.H: a boxer who has been knocked out as result of head hits or wherein the referee has stopped the contest due to a boxer having continuing twice in a period of 3 months from the second knock 0ut or R.S.C.H
3 knock-out or R.S.C.H: a boxer who has been knocked out as a result of head hits or wherein the referee has stopped the contest due to the boxer having received hard hits to the head making him defenseless or incapable of continuing 3 times in a period of 12 months, shall not be allowed to take part in Muaythai competition or sparing for a period of 1 year from the third knock-out or R.S.C.H
Each knock-out suffered as a result of head hits and each R.S.C.H must be recorded in the boxer’s book
F. Medical Certification Following Probation Period: before resuming boxing after any of the periods of rest prescribed in the 3 preceding paragraphs, a boxer must be certified by a neurologist as fit to take part in Muaythai competition following, if possible, a special examination, EEG and , if necessary, CCT. The results of that examination as well as the permission to resume fighting shall be entered in the boxer’s book.
G. R.S.C.H: the referee will indicate to the Jury and Judges to annotate the scorecard “R.S.C.H” when he has stopped the contest as a result of a boxer being unable to continue as a result of hits to the head. RSCH is a term to be used only when a boxer is being saved from a knockout after having received hard hits making him defenseless and incapable of continuing (the term RSCH is not to be used when a boxer is simply outclassed and is receiving too many scoring hits without scoring himself).
H. Protective Measures: any boxer having lost a hard bout with many hits to the head or having been knocked down several times in some consecutive contests, may not be permitted to take part in Muaythai competition or training for a period of at least 4 weeks after the last contest on the advice of the Medical Officer should he decide that it would be necessary. All protective measures should also apply if a knock-out occurs during training.
A. Purpose: before beginning and after a bout, boxers shall shake hands in a proper manner, as a sign of a purely sporting and friendly rivalry in accordance with the boxing rules.
B. Authorised Times: the shaking of hands takes place before beginning the first round and after the announcing of the results. Any further shaking of hands between the rounds is prohibited.
A. Doping: the administration to a boxer of drugs or chemical substances not forming part of the usual diet of a boxer is prohibited. The doping regulations of IOC shall be applied.
B. Penalties: any boxer or official violating this prohibition shall be liable to disqualification or suspension by IFMA
C. Local Anesthetics: the use of local anesthetics is permitted according to the discretion of a doctor of the Medical Commission.
D. Prohibited Drugs: the IOC list of banned substances shall constitute IFMA’s list of banned substances. Any boxer taking such substances or any official administering such substances shall be subject to the penalties. IFMA may ban additional substances upon the recommendation of the IFMA Medical Commission.
A. Medical Certification: a competitor shall not be allowed to compete in an International Competition unless he produces his Boxer’s Book in which he must be certified as fit to box by a qualified doctor of medicine. One each day he will be required to box, the competitor shall be certified as fit to compete by a qualified doctor of medicine who shall be approved by the association under whose jurisdiction the competition is taking place, or in the World Championships, World Cup competition by the medical commission of IFMA.
B. Medical Certificate: every boxer competing outside his own country must have in his possession, a certificate signed by an authorised doctor of medicine, stating that prior to leaving his country he was in good physical condition and not suffering from any injury, infection or disability liable to affect his capacity to box in the country being visited. Such certificate must be incorporated in his boxer’s book which must be produced at the medical examination before the general weigh-in C. Prohibited Conditions: the prohibited conditions are referred to in the medical handbook
D. Cut and Abrasions: no boxer shall be allowed to take part in any contest if he wears a dressing on a cut, wound, abrasion, laceration or blood swelling on his scalp or face including the nose and ears. A boxer is allowed to box if an abrasion is covered with collision or steri-strip. The decision should be made by the doctor examining the boxer on the day of his competition. E. Medical Aptitude: No boxer shall be allowed to start boxing without having his medical aptitude certified in his boxer’s book, which may only be done by approved doctor. The medical aptitude test should, if possible, include the following exams, or their equivalent;
A complete clinical examination with particular attention to the organs of sight and hearing, the sense of balance and the nervous system
A biometrical examination including measurement of height and weight, at least
A biological examination including blood a urine tests.
A neurological examination including an electroencephalogram.
A Skull x-ray
A cardio logical examination, including an electrocardiogram
An examination by cranial computerized tomography, if possible.
A medical examination should be repeated at least once a year and should include the points 1, 2 and 4 above.
F. Medical Flow Sheet: Adoption of a Medical Flow Sheet to medically document a bout, before during and after.
A. Required Attendances: a qualified doctor of medicine, so approved, shall be in attendance throughout the competition and should not leave the place where it is held before the end of the last bout and until he has seen the 2 boxers who participated in such bout. He may use surgical gloves in the bouts.
B. Seating Arrangements: the officiating doctor should be seated next to ring.
Minimum not less than 15 years
Maximum not more than 18 years
*The Junior Division spans a total of 3 years of a boxer’s life